Caribbean Tourism

Antigua & Barbuda: Country Profile, General Info And Map

Antigua & Barbuda: Country Profile, General Info And Map


Located 17 degrees N, 61 degrees W, Antigua is 108 sq mls with low undulating hills, rising slightly in the south. The heavily indented coastline provides many bays & harbours. Highest point is Boggy Peak, 1,319 ft high. Barbuda is a coral island, 62 sq mls and its low lying terrain is covered with shrubs. Visit details of Antigua & Barbuda Geography.

Antigua & Barbuda Map

Information Sources

The Antigua Department of Tourism head office is located in the Government Complex in St. John's and operate information booths at V C Bird International Airport and at Heritage Quay. Information is also obtainable from hotel Services Desks, travel agencies, Police Stations and Policemen on Street Duty.


EST +1. GMT 4.


Average temperatures

  • High/Low: Summer 85/77 degrees.
  • Winter 82/75 degrees.
  • Average annual rainfall 45 inches.

Find more about Climate of Antigua & Barbuda.


Columbus was the first European to sight Antigua in 1493 which was already inhabited by Carib Indians who called the island Wadadli; he renamed it Santa Maria la Antigua after a church in Spain. Among earlier inhabitants were the Arawak Indians and earlier still, in approx. 10,000 BC, a Paleo Indian group called "The Siboney" (meaning stone people). The British colonized the island in 1632 and established sugar plantations during the 17th and 18th centuries and the shortened name of Antigua was then used. After a short fight with the French for control the island remained under British rule for 315 years before full independence was attained on November 1st, 1981. To protect their interests they built many (over 46) forts, the ruins of which are still seen today. A naval dockyard established in an almost land locked harbor is today one of the major attraction in Antigua.

BARBUDA, which had been leased to the Codrington family, eventually became a part of the State of Antigua in 1860. Today both islands form the independent nation of Antigua and Barbuda. Browse details of Antigua & Barbuda history.




Just a little over 75,000 in Antigua and a mere 1200 in Barbuda, the majority of the people of Antigua and Barbuda are descendants of the enslaved Africans of the colonial era. Find more of Antigua & Barbuda: Interesting people stuff. Check also People of Antigua & Barbuda.

Island Dishes

Pepperpot is a delicacy slowly growing in international acceptance - tender conchs in curry and a ball of fungi.

Local Foods include yams, sweet potato, breadfruit, avocado, green and ripe bananas, papaya, mango, guava, soursop, coconut, and the Antigua Black Pineapple which is renowned for its sweetness.

Special Drinks are made from Rum, and the hotels and restaurants offer delicious mixtures using the island's fruits, Pineapple crush, Coconut crush, Planters Punch and Rum Punch all hold a high priority.

Find more where to eat in Antigua & Barbuda.


The islands are predominantly Christian, with the following denominations represented: Anglican (Church of England), Methodist, Moravian, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Jehovah Witness, Seventh Day Adventist and Baptist.
Sunday Services are generally between the hours of 6.30 a.m. - 8.00 a.m., 9.00 a.m. and 11.00 a.m. Evening Services between 7.00 p.m. and 7.30 p.m. Saturday Services at 9.00 a.m.

The Salvation Army is located at The Citadel on Long Street in St. John's.


A modern touch-tone telephone system connects the whole island, and several circuits through centers to the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom connect the island throughout the world. Worldwide fax, telex and telegram communication is available. There are 3 Radio Stations, including a Government owned Radio and Television Station. Cable Television is also available. Find more of Antigua & Barbuda Communications.


The Antigua Public Utilities Authority supplies a reliable service throughout the island. Most hotels operate on a 110 AC cycle and state this on plaques near outlets for plug-in appliances. Most of the island is operated on a 220 AC cycle.


10% of the bill is acceptable for tipping; hotels usually include a service charge for general services and state clearly whether additional tipping is acceptable.

What to Wear

Light clothing Summer suits, shorts, swimwear are essential. Most hotels are informal, however a chic tropical look is expected. See-through fashions, swimwear and shorts are not acceptable wear in the city, villages and places of business.

Medical Services

Holberton Hospital is located in St. John's, and is equipped with 210 beds, an X-ray facility, Intensive Care Unit, laboratory, Surgery and a 24 hours Casualty Department; staffed by 18 medical practitioners and an equally adequate number of nurses plus private nurses who are available for extra services. Details of Antigua & Barbuda Health Care system.

Professional Services

The usual professional services are available: Legal, Accountancy, Architectural, Surveying and Engineering, Secretarial, Real Estate, Insurance, Customs, Brokerage and Forwarding.


Parham Church (St. Peters, Anglican) a masterpiece of ecclesiastical Georgian architecture.
St. John's Cathedral (Newgate Street/Long Street) was originally built in 1683, replaced by a stone building in 1745, destroyed by earthquake in 1843; present structure rebuilt by 1847. Figures on Southern entrance represent St. John the Baptist and St. John the Divine.

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